Professionals should not go up against their regulator alone

The College of Chiropractors of Ontario (“CCO”) is the regulator for chiropractors in Ontario.  They:

  • decide who has a certificate to practice as a chiropractor
  • handle complaints against chiropractor

But your College does not work for you.  In fact, the College can:

  • deny applicant’s applications for a certificate to practice or
  • suspend, revoke or place terms, conditions, or limitations on chiropractor’s certificate to practice

If you plan to apply to the College or have received notice of complaint it is important that you have representation to protect your interests and defend your rights.  

Our team of experienced lawyers can assist chiropractors with matters including:

  • Advising chiropractors on compliance with relevant legislation and standards
  • Responding to complaints and investigations at the chiropractors
  • Representing chiropractors at the Fitness to Practise Committee
  • Defending chiropractors in hearings before the chiropractors Discipline Committee
  • Advocating for chiropractors to resolve matters through the College’s complaint resolution process
  • Representing chiropractors in appeals before the Divisional Court of Ontario
College of Chiropractors Appeals Fitness to Practise Committee Discipline Committee Screening Committee Registration


Applying for a license or in the College’s language a “Certificate of Registration” for either supervised or autonomous practise is a complex process.  

To become registered with the College, prospective members must meet the following requirements:

  • Graduated from an accredited chiropractic college
  • Successfully completed the Canadian Chiropractic Examining Board knowledge-based and clinical competency examinations
  • Successfully completed CCO’s Legislation and Ethics examination

Once an application is completed, it will be reviewed by The Registrar who will either:

  • Register the applicant
  • Refer the application to the Registration Committee

If an application is reviewed by the Registration Committee, they may:

  • Register the applicant
  • Register the applicant with terms, conditions, or limitations
  • Exempt the applicant from certain exemptible requirements of the registration requirements
  • Direct the applicant to submit additional information or fulfill additional requirements

Our office can help you prepare this information and offer legal advice on concerns you may have.  If you are planning to apply for a certificate from the CCO, contact us today.

Screening Committee

The College of Chiropractors of Ontario (“CCO”) receives complaints from:

  • members of the public
  • clients of chiropractors
  • employers of chiropractors
  • other chiropractors

Members of the College are required to file a complaint, if during their practice they have obtained reasonable grounds to believe that another member of the same or different College has sexually abused a patient. 

The first step of the complaint process is at the Inquiries, Complaints and Reports Committee, often referred to as the “ICRC”.

The ICRC is a written process – the complainant, the College and the member exchange a series of documents:

  • A complaint against a member is made
  • The College provides the member with an official acknowledgement of the complaint
  • The member has an opportunity to file a written response to the complaint
  • The ICRC will issue a decision  

The potential outcomes of a decision include:

  • A decision to take no further action
  • Issue advice or caution a member
  • Require a member to attend a continuing education or remediation program
  • Refer a matter to the Discipline or Fitness to Practise Committee

These outcomes can have very serious financial and personal impacts on members.  If you have received a complaint from the CCO, please contact us today.

Discipline Committee

If the ICRC considers a complaint to be “high risk” it can be referred to the Discipline Committee.

Before a matter progresses to a hearing at the Discipline Committee a pre-hearing may occur.  A pre-hearing is an opportunity for the College and the member to present their case in an informal manner.  

In our experience a pre-hearing at a college can be used to:

  • Reduce the allegations against a member
  • Reduce the penalty being sought by a member
  • Raise important legal issues before trial

At the Discipline Committee a trial may take place where witnesses are called, and evidence is heard.

Outcomes at the Discipline Committee can include:

  • Revocation of the member’s certificate
  • Suspension of the member’s certificate
  • Terms, conditions, and limitations imposed on the member’s certificate
  • Orders for the member to pay some or all of the costs of a trial

These are extremely serious public outcomes.  If your matter has or could be referred to the Discipline Committee, please contact us today.

Fitness to Practise Committee

The Fitness to Practise Committee is a specialized Committee dealing with cases where a member’s conduct was impacted by an ongoing medical physical or mental health condition.  

In our experience, a referral to the Fitness to Practise Committee can offer a number of benefits to members, because:

  • Complaints are generally resolved in a more private manner
  • The goal of the process is ensuring the health of the member

However, it is unusual for members to be referred to Fitness to Practise Committees without legal representation.  It takes experienced and detailed representation to present the evidence screening Committees, like the ICRC, want to see to consider a referral to Fitness to Practise.  If there is a complaint against you, please contact us today.


Decisions of the:

  • ICRC, and
  • Registration Committee

can be appealed to the Health Professions Appeal and Review Board (“HPARB”).

Decisions of the:

  • Discipline Committee, and
  • Fitness to Practise Committee,

can be appealed to the Ontario Divisional Court. 

Unfortunately, self-represented individuals are very rarely successful in appeals.  We have unique expertise in appeals from regulatory colleges.  If you are considering an appeal, please contact us today.